Control measure knowledge

Applying fine sprays or firefighting foam will reduce the risk of airborne pollution by composite materials and the general disturbance of the material in and around the wreckage. An alternative measure, where composite materials are badly fire damaged, is to apply a fine water spray to prevent particulates from becoming airborne.

By reducing airborne composite material particles, the hazards associated with exposure to the material or substance (by inhalation, ingestion or injection) can be reduced significantly.

When using firefighting foam or water, environmental protection should also be considered. See National Operational Guidance: Environmental protection.

Strategic actions

Fire and rescue services should:
  • Ensure all personnel are aware of appropriate safe systems of work and personal protective equipment (PPE) relevant to the risk associated with vehicle or craft construction materials
  • Provide responding appliances or make arrangements to have available appropriate water spray and foam equipment required to implement identified safe systems of work

Tactical actions

Incident commanders should:
  • Consider using fine sprays or foam blankets to minimise airborne particulates

  • Ensure the continued integrity of an evenly distributed foam blanket throughout the incident and manage hazards obscured by the foam blanket
  • Carry out appropriate post-incident decontamination following exposure to vehicle or craft construction materials